Thyroid Cancer

  • Cancer of the thyroid gland is quite rare and occurs in less than 10% of the thyroid nodules.
  • In most cases, thyroid cancer is present as a painless mass in the neck.
  • It is very unusual for thyroid cancer to present with symptoms, unless they have been
  • A hard nodule may be felt in the neck
  • Surgery, radiation, and hormone treatments may be used to treat thyroid cancer.


  • A lump or nodule in the neck.
  • Enlargement of the neck.
  • Enlarged lymph nodes in the neck.
  • Hoarseness, difficulty in speaking normally, abnormal voice.
  • Difficulty in swallowing or a choking feeling.
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Pain in the neck or throat including pain from the neck to the ears.
  • Sensitivity in the neck-discomfort with neckties, turtlenecks, scarves and necklaces.
  • Persistent or chronic cough not due to allergies or illness.
  • Asymmetry in the thyroid.

Risks and causes

  • A history of some type of thyroid disease.
  • Exposure to radiation, especially in childhood and having low iodine levels.
  • An inherited abnormal gene or a bowel condition called FAP.
  • Being overweight.
  • A condition where the body overproduces growth hormone (acromegaly).

Studies about Thyroid Cancer

1. The value of chemotherapy drugs, such as paclitaxel, as well as chemotherapy/radiation
in treating anaplastic thyroid cancer are being tested.
2. For anaplastic thyroid cancer, clinical trials are used to study combination chemotherapy.