- Cancer of the thyroid gland is quite rare and occurs in less than 10% of the thyroid nodules.
- In most cases, thyroid cancer is present as a painless mass in the neck.
- It is very unusual for thyroid cancer to present with symptoms, unless they have been
- A hard nodule may be felt in the neck
- Surgery, radiation, and hormone treatments may be used to treat thyroid cancer.
- A lump or nodule in the neck.
- Enlargement of the neck.
- Enlarged lymph nodes in the neck.
- Hoarseness, difficulty in speaking normally, abnormal voice.
- Difficulty in swallowing or a choking feeling.
- Difficulty in breathing
- Pain in the neck or throat including pain from the neck to the ears.
- Sensitivity in the neck-discomfort with neckties, turtlenecks, scarves and necklaces.
- Persistent or chronic cough not due to allergies or illness.
- Asymmetry in the thyroid.
Risks and causes
- A history of some type of thyroid disease.
- Exposure to radiation, especially in childhood and having low iodine levels.
- An inherited abnormal gene or a bowel condition called FAP.
- Being overweight.
- A condition where the body overproduces growth hormone (acromegaly).
Studies about Thyroid Cancer
1. The value of chemotherapy drugs, such as paclitaxel, as well as chemotherapy/radiation
in treating anaplastic thyroid cancer are being tested.
2. For anaplastic thyroid cancer, clinical trials are used to study combination chemotherapy.