Prostate Cancer

This type of cancer occurs when cells in the prostate gland become abnormal. There are often no
early symptoms, but some men have urinary symptoms and discomfort.

Symptoms of Prostate Cancer

Early on, men may have no symptoms. Later symptoms can include:
1. Frequent urination, especially at night.
2. Difficulty starting or stopping urination.
3. Weak or interrupted urinary stream.
4. Painful or burning sensation during urination or ejaculation.
5. Blood in urine or semen.
6. Pelvic discomfort.
7. Pain in bones.

Causes of Prostate Cancer:

1. The exact cause of prostate cancer is not known, but scientists link it to increased levels
of testosterone and other hormones.
2. Obesity increases level of circulating endogenous sex hormones, insulin and IGF.
3. Production of proteins in blood (called cytokines causing inflammation).
4. Adiponectin lowering levels of Sex Hormone Binding Globulin.
5. Increased peripheral fat conversion of estrogens to progesterone and increased serum
testosterone levels.
6. All these chemicals increased may be associated with an increased risk of Prostate
Cancer and Breast Cancer.
7. However the chance of getting prostate cancer increases if:

  • You get older: more than half of all new prostate cancer affect men over the age of
    70.
  • Your father or brother had prostate cancer, especially at an early age.
  • You have more than one relative affected by this disease.

Links to Prostate Cancer Studies:

1. The following link provides recent news about prostate cancer.
https://zerocancer.org/about/prostate-cancer-news
2. The link given below collects the latest clinically relevant research every month to help
people keep up to date with prostate cancer developments.
http://prostatecanceruk.org/for-health-professionals/latest-research.