Ovarian Cancer

1. Ovarian Cancer is the sixth most frequent cancer in women.
2. It accounts for about 3% of cancers among women but it causes more deaths than any other cancer of the female reproductive system.
3. It is the most lethal gynecological malignancy.
4. Incidence has increased by 30% over the past decade.
5. The overall survival rate is 38% at 5 years.
SOURCE: http://www.cancer.org/cancer/ovariancancer/detailedguide

Symptoms

If any of these symptoms last for more than two weeks or are unusual for you, please see your doctor:
1. Bloating
2. Feeling full quickly while eating.
3. Pelvic or abdominal pain.
4. Urinary urgency or frequency or changes in bowel habits.
5. Abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge.
6. Back pain, tiredness and involuntary weight loss.

Causes and Risk Factors

The exact cause of ovarian cancer remains unknown. The risk of developing ovarian cancer appears to be affected by several factors.

Hereditary forms of ovarian cancer can be caused by mutations in specific genes most notably p53, BRCA1 and BRCA2.

Infertile women, those with a condition called Endometriosis, those who have never been pregnant, and those who use postmenopausal Estrogen Replacement Therapy are at increased risk of ovarian cancer.

Progression of ovarian cancer

Links to Ovarian Cancer Studies

1. http://www.cancer.net/cancer-types/ovarian-cancer/latest-research
2. http://m.cancer.org/cancer/ovariancancer/detailedguide/ovarian-cancer-new-research
3. http://m.jnci.oxfordjournals.org/content/92/3/249.full
4. http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/type/ovarian-cancer/about/ovarian-cancerrisks-and-causes
5. http://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/causes-prevention/risk/hormones/oral-contraceptivesfact-sheet