Esophageal cancer is cancer that occurs in the esophagus – a long, hollow tube that runs
from your throat to your stomach. Your esophagus carries food you swallow to your stomach to
It usually begins in the cells that line the inside of the esophagus. Esophageal cancer can
occur anywhere along the esophagus. More men than women get esophageal cancer.
Signs and symptoms
- Difficulty in swallowing.
- Weight loss without trying.
- Chest pain, pressure or burning.
- Worsening indigestion or heartburn.
- Coughing or hoarseness.
When to see your doctor?
Make an appointment with your doctor if you have any persistent signs or symptoms that
Screening for esophageal cancer isn’t done routinely because of a lack of an easily
identifiable high-risk group and the possible risks associated with the endoscopy.
- It’s not clear what causes esophageal cancer.
- Esophageal cancer occurs when cells in your esophagus develop errors (mutations) in
- The errors make cells grow and divide out of control.
- The accumulating abnormal cells form a tumor in the esophagus that can grow to invade
nearby structures and spread to other parts of the body.
Risk factors include:
- Having bile reflux.
- Having difficulty swallowing.
- Drinking very hot liquids.
- Eating few fruits and vegetables.
- Being obese.
Links to Esophageal Cancer Studies
- The following link provides information about the 7 studies in esophageal cancer.
- A listing of esophageal cancer medical research trials actively recruiting patient
- Advancing strategies for preventing the disease for esophageal cancer and a related
condition called Barrett’s esophagus.